Bone resorption occurs when the bone in the jaw is not stimulated properly. If the bone is not stimulated, new tissue does not develop, and wear and tear leads to the bone becoming atrophied, or resorbed. The long-term result is a change in the shape of the jaw and, eventually, change in the facial shape, usually with the lower jaw moving closer to the upper jaw to create a collapsed look.
Why Does Bone Resorption Happen?
Resorption is part of the body’s healing process. It automatically reconstructs the jawbone to accommodate the tooth loss by removing tissue it categorizes as unnecessary. In the long run, it can result in loss of a considerable amount of bone tissue if no measures are taken to preserve the bone. Some dentists will place bone graft material in the tooth socket after an extraction that will encourage bone tissue to remain stronger. However, the only way to permanently prevent bone resorption is with dental implants.
Preventing Bone Resorption
After a tooth has been lost or removed, materials can be placed in the socket to preserve it and prevent the bone from atrophy. This can include bone grafts or grafts made from synthetic materials. Grafts can help maintain the height of the bone and are also used to prepare for later tooth implants. While these methods are effective, they are not considered permanent solutions. The tooth is still missing, so the body still sees the bone tissue that once supported the tooth as unnecessary.
Dental implants are substitute tooth roots, providing the same function as natural tooth roots, including stimulating the bone, thereby preserving it and preventing the bone loss that would normally occur with tooth loss. The jawbone actually forms a bond with the dental implants, creating a stable foundation for replacement teeth that look, feel and function like natural teeth.
To learn more about bone resorption and how dental implants can help, call Prestige Oral Surgery today to schedule a consultation at 732-297-7000.